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Urine Test

Doctors conduct urine tests on children to ensure that the kidneys and other organs function exactly as they should. Or if they suspect that a child could be suffering from an infection of the bladder, kidneys, or any other part that comprise the urinary tract.

The kidneys create urine (pee) to remove away bloodstream wastes and leave substances in the bloodstream that are essential to the body, such as glucose and protein. Therefore, if urine contains excessive protein and glucose or is characterized by other irregularities, this could indicate a health issue.


Urinalysis tests are usually performed if a doctor suspects the child is suffering from a UTI (UTI) or a health issue that could cause an imbalance within the urinary tract. The test can be used to determine:


  • The presence of organisms such as bacteria or other microorganisms

  • the presence of certain substances, like glucose, for instance, typically shouldn't be found in urine

  • The pH is a measure of how basic or acidic the urine is

  • The concentration of urine

For instance, the weakly hydrated child could have a high concentration (darker) of the urine, or even a tiny amount of proteins in urine. However, this doesn't necessarily suggest any health issue. When the child has rehydrated in the future, those "abnormal" results may disappear. Based on the number of proteins or other cells present in the urine sample, the physician might take the urine test another time to ensure everything is in order.

How a Urinalysis Is Done

In the majority of instances, urine is collected into an unclean container. Then the small plastic strip which contains patches of chemicals across its surface (the dipstick) is inserted into the urine. The spots change colour to signify things such as the presence of white blood cells, or glucose.

Then, the medical doctor or lab technologist typically analyzes the specimen of urine under the microscope to examine for any other substances that could indicate different ailments.

If the dipstick test or microscopic test indicates white blood cells or red blood cells, or bacteria (possible indicators of bladder or kidney infection), Doctors may send the urine to a laboratory for a urine sample to determine which bacteria might be causing the infection.

How to collect urinary samples.

 It can be difficult to obtain urine samples from children to check for a potential infection. The reason is that the skin around the opening for urinary discharge (urethra) typically is the home of these same microbes that trigger UTIs. If these bacteria are present in the urine, doctors may not be able to analyze the urine sample to determine whether there's a real disease or not.

To prevent this from happening, the skin that surrounds the urinary opening is to be cleansed and rinsed right away before the collection of urine. In this "clean-catch" method, the patient (or parent) cleans the skin. The child then urinates, ceases briefly (if you are comfortable with the age of your child) Then, they urinate into the container for collection. In the process of catching the urine, "midstream" is the goal.

In certain situations (for instance, when an infant is not toilet-trained), doctors or nurses may introduce an insertion device (a small tubular structure) through the urinary tract opening into the bladder to collect a urine specimen. In certain circumstances, it is possible to use a sterile bag in a baby's diaper area to get samples of urine.

Why is this test being conducted?

This test may be recommended to you if you are experiencing certain symptoms, such as nausea or vomiting or diarrhoea, pain in your abdomen, muscle pains and shortness of breath, difficulty breathing and being thirsty throughout the day dry mouth, red or dry skin, fatigue, and smelly breath. The test could be suggested for conditions such as pregnancy or infection or blood sugar levels that exceed 300 mg/dL, eating lots of carbohydrate-rich foods such as bread or rice and fasting, alcohol use or confusion, etc.


Certain conditions can affect the results of your tests, such as intense exercise, a specific diet that is low in carbohydrates or high-fat diet or intermittent fasting and an eating disorder, such as vomiting over a time frame, particularly during pregnancy and high fever, an burning of the thyroid gland due to overactivity when breastfeeding, not drinking or eating enough and drinking regularly, etc.

If you have any concerns regarding urine tests, speak with your physician.

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