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Hemoglobin (HbA1c) Test for Diabetes

What is An A1c Test?

The hemoglobin A1c test will tell the average of your blood sugar in the last 2 to three months. It's also known as HbA1c Glycated Hemoglobin Test as well as glycohemoglobin. It's similar to the baseball season's batsmanship average. A single game can't reveal a player's performance throughout their entire career. A single day's test results aren't an entire view of whether your therapy is effective.

Patients with diabetes must test their blood sugar regularly to determine whether their levels remain within the normal range. In addition, it will tell you that you may need to alter the dosage of your diabetes medicine. The test for A1c is also used to determine the presence of diabetes.

What is Hemoglobin?

Hemoglobin is one of the proteins found within blood vessels that are red blood cells. It gives blood its red hue and is responsible for circulating oxygen throughout the body.

What is the Test? the Test Works

The sugar that is present in your blood is referred to as glucose. As glucose accumulates inside your blood, it binds to the hemoglobin in your body's red blood cells. The A1c test determines the amount of glucose attached to it.

Red blood cells are alive for around 3 months; thus, the test displays the glucose levels in your blood over the last 3 months.

When the blood sugars have been elevated in the past few weeks, the hemoglobin A1c test will be higher.

What's a Normal Hemoglobin Test?

If you do not have diabetes, the usual range of hemoglobin A1c levels is between 4.4% and 5.6 percent. Haemoglobin A1c levels between 5.7 percent and 6.4 percent mean that you suffer from prediabetes and have a higher risk of developing diabetes. The levels of 6.5 percent or more indicate you have diabetes.

Setting goals for A1c Levels

The goal A1c level for people who have diabetes is generally lower than 7.7%. The higher your hemoglobin A1c is, the greater your chance of suffering from complications associated with diabetes. A person who has had untreated diabetes for a long may have a reading above 8 percent.

If you have diabetes and your blood sugar level is higher than your target, Your doctor might alter the treatment plan to lower your blood sugar level.

The combination of exercise, diet, and medications can reduce your levels.

People living with diabetes should undergo an A1c test every three months to ensure they are in the range they want to be in. When your condition is well-controlled, you might be able to wait longer between blood tests. However, experts suggest checking at least twice a year.

Patients with hemoglobin-related diseases, for example, anemia, could get inaccurate results from the test. Other factors that could influence the results of the hemoglobin A1c test are supplements like vitamin C E and excessive cholesterol levels. In addition, kidney diseases, as well as liver disease, can affect the test results.

How Often Do You Have to Take the Test?

The doctor will likely have to test you with the A1c test when you've been diagnosed as having diabetes. It's also a test when your doctor believes you could develop diabetes. In addition, the test will establish an initial blood sugar level so that you know how you're managing the blood sugar levels.

How often you'll require the test in the future depends on a variety of factors, including:

  • The kind of diabetes you suffer from

  • Your blood sugar control

  • Your treatment plan

You'll likely be tested at least once per year if you suffer from prediabetes, which indicates that you are at a high risk of becoming diabetic.

It is possible to have a blood test every year; if you have type 2 diabetes, you're not using insulin, while your sugar is typically within your desired range.

It could happen every three or four times throughout the year if you have type one diabetes.

It is also possible to test more frequently if your diabetes regimen alters or if you take an entirely new medication.

It's not a fasting test. You can test it at any time during the day, whether before or after food.

The hemoglobin levels of people with certain diseases, for example, anemia, can get distorted results from the test. Other factors that could influence the results of the hemoglobin A1c test include supplements that contain vitamin C and E and the presence of high cholesterol levels. In addition, kidney diseases and liver disease can affect the results of the test.

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