0 Total Test


What's this test?

Comprehensive Blood Count (CBC) is a blood test that determines the number of red blood cells (RBC) as well as white blood cells (WBC) and Plts (PLTs), Hemoglobin (Hb), as well as Hematocrit (Hct) found in the blood. This test is utilized to assess the entire body's health and detect any disease affecting blood cells.

What is blood Cells, Hemoglobin, in addition to Hematocrit?

The blood is made up of cells and essential elements like oxygen and nutrients essential to health. Blood cells are created in bone marrow and then released into the blood. They provide nutrients and aids in the transportation of gases in tissues and cells.

The three principal varieties of blood cells include:

Red Blood Cells (RBC):

  • Red blood cells are made up of hemoglobin, a complex protein. It is responsible for carrying oxygen to the organs and tissues of the body from the lung.

White Blood Cells (WBC):

  • White blood cells are also known as leukocytes, which help guard against the effects of foreign invaders and diseases, which is why they are an essential component of our immune system.
  • The cells come from bone marrow, but they circulate through the bloodstream.

Platelets (PLTs):

  • Platelets are the tiniest blood cells that aid in allowing blood clots when bleeding.

Haemoglobin, as well as Hematocrit, are the other two major components found in the blood. Haemoglobin is a protein complex that is found within red blood cells. It is a conduit for oxygen to the organs and tissues in the body via the lung. Additionally, it transports carbon dioxide from the body to the lung. Hematocrit is the number of red blood cells that are in the blood of all people.

What is the reason this test is being conducted?

This test is carried out in a routine exam to check the general health of the person. Your physician may request to conduct this test to identify or detect diseases and conditions like cancer, anaemia, infections or other bleeding disorders. Your physician also suggests that you are experiencing any symptoms or symptoms, such as fatigue, weakness or shortness of breath, headache, dizziness, pale complexion, hands that are cold and feet, etc. These are just a few typical signs and symptoms that could be related to anaemia or polycythemia.

It may be recommended to have this test performed in case you are pregnant or have anaemia in your family or infection, have experienced bleeding from surgery, suffer from excessive and long-lasting menstrual bleeding and so on. The test is also used to assess treatment response when patients are receiving treatment for conditions or diseases that affect blood cells.

How often is conducted?

If you're a member of a family with a background of blood disorders or disorders that affect blood cells, your doctor might ask for the test on a monthly or annually. Patients suffering from anaemia should take the test regularly as directed by the doctor.

Test parameters for pathology: Red blood cells (RBC), white blood cells (WBC) (WBC), Platelets (PLTs), Hemoglobin (Hb) and Hematocrit (Hct).

It is also known as CBC Automated Blood, Complete Blood Picture Automated Blood, CBP Automated Blood, Absolute Blood Count Automated Blood, Complete Blood Count, Platelet Test, WBC Test, Absolute Count, CBC, CBP, Complete Count the complete Picture, Neutrophils Test, Hb PCV Test.

Test Preparation

Inform your physician if you are taking any medications or have any allergies other medical issues before taking you take your CBC Test. Your doctor will provide specific instructions based on your specific health condition regarding how to prepare for the CBC Test.

No special preparation is needed to pass this test. Be sure to follow the directions given by your clinicians.

Understanding your test results

In general, there is no requirement for medical intervention for test results that are within norms.

If the hemoglobin, red blood cell and hematocrit levels are lower than normal, this could indicate various kinds of anaemia, such as iron deficiency anaemia, sickle cells anaemia, etc. Certain medical conditions like hypothyroidism and splenomegaly (an over-extended part of the spleen) or leukaemia (a form of cancer that affects blood vessels), chronic kidney disease and internal bleeding caused by stomach ulcers or colon cancer and so on. could also lead to low levels. Insufficiency in Vitamin B-12, iron and Folic acid. Recent blood donation and heavy menstrual bleeding, and so on. can also lead to low levels.

Suppose the haemoglobin, red blood cell, and hematocrit levels are more than the normal range. In that case, this could indicate the presence of polycythemia, an illness in which bone marrow is producing too large several red blood cells. Certain medical conditions like lung or heart diseases or dehydration and can also cause increased levels.

If your white blood cells count is less than the usual range of cells, it could signal autoimmune conditions such as ulcerative colitis or lupus, bone marrow disorders or cancer.

If the count of white blood cells is higher than the norm, this could be a sign of bacterial infections such as tuberculosis or viral infections and fungal infections. Certain medicines like lithium, steroids and certain inhalers could boost the count of white blood cells.

A lower than normal level of a platelet count is referred to as thrombocytopenia. It can be caused by medical conditions like leukaemia (a form of cancer that affects blood vessels) or aplastic anaemia. Viral infections, certain autoimmune diseases and anaemia of the spleen (increased size of the part of the spleen), cirrhosis of the kidneys, liver disease, etc. Other causes include chemotherapy drugs (cancer drugs), Vitamin B12 iron, vitamin B12 or folic acid deficiency, and long-term alcohol consumption or drinking. It can also trigger thrombocytopenia.

More than normal levels of platelet count is referred to as thrombocytosis. It is classified as an essential or primary thrombocytosis and secondary thrombocytosis. Primary thrombocytosis is a rare disorder typically seen for people older than 50 years old and is more common in women. It happens when the bone marrow is producing more platelets than it can handle. Secondary thrombocytosis could be related to an ongoing condition or a specific infection or cancer anaemia, major surgery or injury, the elimination of the spleen and so on. Based on the results of your test, your doctor might recommend appropriate treatments for your medical condition as well as lifestyle changes or other diagnostic tests.

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